Does asthma increase Covid-19 risk? Emerging research suggests a complicated connection

Posted On Jun 23 2021 by

first_img Another question raised by that study: why asthmatics were significantly overrepresented in the study’s cohort of individuals diagnosed with Covid-19. About 9% of the U.S. population has asthma, but 14% of the Covid-19 patients enrolled in the study were asthmatic. Spergel said that could be due to the fact that asthmatics might be more likely to undergo Covid-19 testing, since they regularly experience symptoms — like coughing and difficulty breathing — that are associated with the virus. A higher rate of testing would logically turn up a higher rate of cases, he added.Chinthrajah said there is a need for far larger studies to determine the “true incidence” of Covid-19 in asthmatics and the potential risks associated with it. Studies with thousands of patients would allow researchers to parse the potential risks with more nuance, such as whether asthma type, severity, medication use, or age influence risk. Those studies would also allow researchers to measure how risk might differ by geography, race, and ethnicity.Patel and her colleagues did find stark racial disparities in their study, which showed that Black patients were both more likely to have severe Covid-19 and to suffer from asthma. Neptune, the Johns Hopkins researcher, said the latter finding was in line with historically “alarming” rates of asthma in Black communities.  Privacy Policy Newsletters Sign up for Morning Rounds Your daily dose of news in health and medicine. Related: By Juliet Isselbacher July 2, 2020 Reprints Related: Some U.S. government contracts for Covid-19 research could skirt affordable pricing laws Please enter a valid email address. A growing body of research on Covid-19 suggests that the virus’ link to asthma is far more complex than experts might have anticipated.Early in the pandemic, researchers racing to identify the conditions common among the sickest patients zeroed in on lung conditions, including asthma. A potential link seemed possible: The virus that causes Covid-19 can lead to severe lung inflammation, and other viruses can set off dangerous asthma attacks. But emerging research — including a recent retrospective analysis of Covid-19 patients in 10 hospitals — has complicated the picture of the connection between asthma and critical cases of Covid-19. That analysis, which looked at data from more than 1,500 patients, found that Covid-19 patients with asthma were no more likely than patients without asthma to be hospitalized.  advertisement HealthDoes asthma increase Covid-19 risk? Emerging research suggests a complicated connection But the study didn’t look at what experts said is a pressing question: Do people with different types of asthma have different levels of risk? advertisementcenter_img Watch: It’s not just the lungs: The Covid-19 virus attacks like no other ‘respiratory’ infection Leave this field empty if you’re human: Scientists are still trying to parse why the two groups face such different prognoses. Patel said one possible explanation involves ACE2 receptors, which are embedded in certain cells in the lungs, among other places in the body. The receptors act as gateways for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19. Once it enters the lungs through these receptors, it inflicts enormous damage on the delicate tissues essential to absorbing oxygen. Some research suggests that ACE2 expression is lower in people with high levels of allergies or allergic asthma, potentially making their respiratory system less vulnerable to viral intrusion. At the same time, some research shows that’s not the case for non-allergic asthmatics, who might actually have an increased expression of ACE2 receptors, experts said. “Allergic asthma may actually decrease the rate of infection,” said Jonathan Spergel, a physician and chief of the Allergy Program at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. He said that allergic asthma accounts for most pediatric cases of asthma, and around half of adult cases.Further complicating the question of risk: how severe a person’s asthma is, and whether they take medications to keep it in check. As with asthma itself, scientists aren’t yet clear on the role medications might play in Covid-19 severity. Some experts said that steroids commonly used to treat asthma might be protective, since they combat inflammation. Chinthrajah said it’s also possible that steroids could decrease the expression of ACE2 receptors, potentially guarding the respiratory system against infiltration from the virus. How does the coronavirus enter cells?Volume 90%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard ShortcutsEnabledDisabledPlay/PauseSPACEIncrease Volume↑Decrease Volume↓Seek Forward→Seek Backward←Captions On/OffcFullscreen/Exit FullscreenfMute/UnmutemSeek %0-9 facebook twitter Email Link EmbedCopiedLive00:0002:0302:03  SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, affects more than just the lungs and airways. Here’s how this virus enters cells and the symptoms that can arise from infecting different parts of the body. Hyacinth Empinado / STAT But other experts said it’s also possible steroids might actually have the opposite effect, increasing susceptibility to the virus by suppressing the body’s immune response.“The question that has kind of floated around with asthmatics and Covid is whether that dampening of the immune system would increase or reduce susceptibility to infection, and whether it would increase or reduce the severity of the injury,” said Enid Neptune, a clinician and asthma researcher at Johns Hopkins.The study from Patel and her colleagues found, perhaps anticlimactically, that corticosteroid usage did not significantly increase or decrease the risk of hospitalization among asthmatics with Covid-19. “I think the biggest thing that we can do with this data is provide reassurance [to patients] that staying on your inhaled corticosteroids does not appear to increase your risk of severe Covid-19,” Patel said.  “Not all asthmatics are the same,” said Sharon Chinthrajah, an allergist and researcher at Stanford’s Sean N. Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research. There’s evidence to suggest that breaking the data down by asthma subtype could reveal different risk levels. Another recent study, this one conducted by public health researchers at Harvard, analyzed two asthma subtypes — allergic asthma and non-allergic asthma — as separate risk factors. The two disorders induce similar symptoms, but are set off by different triggers: allergic asthma flares up with exposure to allergens like pollen and mold, while non-allergic asthma is exacerbated by exercise, stress, cold weather, and more. The population-based study, published as a pre-proof paper last month, analyzed medical records from 492,768 people registered in the U.K. Biobank and found that non-allergic asthma significantly heightened the likelihood of severe Covid-19, while allergic asthma did not. Adobe “I was expecting asthma patients [with Covid-19] to possibly fare worse. So what was surprising was that we actually did not see that,” said study co-author Gayatri Patel, a physician and allergy and immunology fellow at Northwestern University. Her team’s paper and other studies will be critical for understanding the unique risk to the more than 25 million people in the U.S. with asthma, an umbrella term used to describe a diverse set of respiratory disorders marked by lung spasms, wheezing, and breathing difficulties.  Related: ‘The direct result of racism’: Covid-19 lays bare how discrimination drives health disparities among Black people “The fact that Covid had a disproportionate effect in the African American population almost guaranteed that asthma was going to rise to the forefront as being kind of a comorbidity of concern,” she said. There’s a need for more research into whether other conditions that are common in people with asthma factor into why Black people are dying from the virus at heightened rates. Patel said she and her colleagues analyzed other conditions among the patients with asthma and found that obesity, hypertension, sleep apnea, and a slew of other conditions were more prevalent among asthmatics.“It was interesting to see that asthma patients, despite them having increased comorbidities, did not have an increased risk of hospitalization,” she said. “That is something that we would like to investigate further — as to what role asthma could be playing among these different comorbidities.”Chinthrajah said she is confident more research can resolve that question and the other remaining riddles around the connection between Covid-19 and asthma. “We all feel compelled to find answers,” she said. Tags Coronaviruspublic healthlast_img read more

Grateful Dead ‘All The Years Live’ Video Series: “Uncle John’s Band” From Alpine Valley 1989 [Watch]

Posted On Mar 1 2021 by

first_imgThe latest installment in the ongoing Grateful Dead archival series, “All The Years Live“, is available now on the band’s YouTube page. This newest release captures “Uncle John’s Band” from the Dead’s July 17th, 1989 performance at Alpine Valley Music Theatre in East Troy, WI.This live cut may already be familiar to some fans, as it was featured in the 1997 concert film Downhill From Here, which captured the Dead’s three-night run at Alpine Valley on July 17th–19th, 1989. Unfortunately, this would mark the Grateful Dead’s final performances at the iconic Midwestern venue, as the city of East Troy eventually chose to ban the group from ever performing there again, citing the rise of drug use and crime. Luckily, that ban would be lifted for later, post-Jerry Garcia incarnations of the Dead, including The Other Ones and today’s stadium-selling act Dead & Company.For now, Deadheads are left with this fond memory of the band at one of its late-career peaks. The summer of 1989 saw a clean and lucid Jerry leading the band full force through what would become some of the most iconic shows of the Dead’s final decade. Grateful Dead archivist David Lemieux notes in the video’s description,From one of the Grateful Dead’s first home videos, Downhill From Here, this version of Uncle John’s Band is a complete scorcher, start-to-end. The opening track from Workingman’s Dead was played more than 330 times by the Dead, and this is one of the best.Watch the Grateful Dead perform “Uncle John’s Band” at Alpine Valley on July 17th, 1989 in the latest installment of “All The Years Live”.Grateful Dead – “Uncle John’s Band” – 7/17/1989[Video: Grateful Dead]Previous installments of “All The Years Live” have included:“Let It Grow” from 6/9/1991 at Buckeye LakeOpening Sequence and “U.S. Blues” from The Grateful Dead Movie“Truckin’” from 10/30/1980 at Radio City Music Hall“Bird Song” from 6/26/1993 at RFK Stadium“Samson And Delilah” from 12/31/1978 at Winterland Arena“They Love Each Other” from 12/27/1983 at at the San Francisco Civic Auditorium“High Time” from July 16th, 1990 at Rich Stadium“Truckin’” from October 19th, 1974 at Winterland Ballroom“Feel Like A Stranger” from June 26th, 1993 at RFK Stadium“Cold Rain And Snow” from July 4th, 1989 at Rich Stadium“Let It Grow” from July 8th, 1990 at Three Rivers Stadium“St. Stephen” from New Year’s Eve 1978 at Winterland Ballroom“Throwing Stones” from New Year’s Eve 1987 at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum“Stagger Lee” from July 1st, 1992 at Buckeye Lake“Help On The Way > Slipknot > Franklin’s Tower” from June 14th, 1991 at JFK Stadium“Weather Report Suite from October 18th, 1984 at Winterland Ballroom“Bird Song” From at New Year’s Eve 1987 at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum“Way To Go Home” From June 13th, 1993 at Rich Stadium“Black-Throated Wind” from June 14th, 1991 at RFK Stadium“Heaven Help The Fool” from October 30th, 1980 at Radio City Music Hall“China Cat Sunflower” / “I Know You Rider” from October 17th, 1974 at the Winterland Ballroom“Let It Grow” from July 16th, 1990 at Rich Stadium“Loose Lucy” from June 17th, 1991 at Giants Stadium“Big Boss Man” from June 16th, 1990 at Shoreline Amphitheatre“New Speedway Boogie” from June 17th, 1991 at Giants Stadium“Terrapin Station” from July 26th, 1987 at Anaheim Stadium“Not Fade Away” from New Year’s Eve 1978 at the Winterland Ballroom“Cassidy” from June 17th, 1991 at Giants Stadium“Stagger Lee” from July 4th, 1991 at Rich Stadium“Lazy River Road” from June 26th, 1993 at RFK Stadium“Bird Song” from July 1st, 1992 at Buckeye Lake“Shakedown Street” from June 22nd, 1991 at Soldier Field“My Brother Esau” from July 24th, 1987 at Oakland, CA’s Oakland-Alameda County ColiseumBlow Away” from 7/16/90 at Rich Stadium“Touch of Grey” from 7/4/1989 at Rich Stadium“China Cat Sunflower” > “I Know You Rider” from 7/6/1990 at Cardinal Stadium“Estimated Prophet” from 7/8/1990 at Three Rivers Stadium“Reuben & Cherise” from 6/6/90 at Buckeye Lake“Morning Dew” from 10/18/74 at the Winterland Ballroom“Sugar Magnolia”/”Scarlet Begonias”/”Fire On The Mountain” from 12/31/78 at the Winterland Ballroom,“Wang Dang Doodle” from June 14th, 1991 at RFK StadiumView Videoslast_img read more

Jerry Garcia Plays His Final Show Before His Death, On This Day In 1995 [Video]

Posted On Mar 1 2021 by

first_imgOn this day in 1995, the Grateful Dead played the second and final night of their tour-closing run at Chicago’s Soldier Field featuring an opening performance from The Band. The show marked the completion of a long and winding spring/summer tour, a run throughout which lead guitarist Jerry Garcia seemed to many like a shell of his former self.Once again, he was beleaguered by addiction—this time in front of huge, stadium-sized venues packed to the brim with excited fans. Garcia struggled through equipment difficulties all night, eventually having to replace his “Rosebud” guitar with his older “Tiger.” According to Bob Weir in his Netflix documentary, he and fellow guitarist/vocalist Jerry Garcia shared some short but sweet words as they walked offstage: “Always a hoot,” Garcia said, “Always a hoot.” Exactly one month later, on August 9th, 1995, Jerry Garcia passed away, his heart finally giving out after years of hard living and declining health. July 9th, 1995 at Soldier Field became the Grateful Dead’s final show.While not among their best shows by a long stretch, 7/9/95 still packs an emotional punch to this day in light of its significance as Jerry’s last performance. You can feel the weight of the show’s cosmic significance throughout, particularly on songs like encore closer “Box of Rain”. And, of course, there was the gorgeous yet bittersweet mid-second set “So Many Roads”, with Garcia’s moving vocals ensuring that there was not a dry eye in the stadium by the time the tune was finished despite some musical struggles. You can watch a full video of “So Many Roads” from the final Grateful Dead show at Soldier Field on 7/9/95 below, via YouTube user taste4phree:The Grateful Dead – So Many Roads – 7/9/95Relive the entire concert in the YouTube clip below, which features audio of the entire show as well as video footage of “Shakedown” through “Space” courtesy of YouTube user Voodoonola2, compiled by 1015Eelvis:The Grateful Dead – Soldier Field – 7/9/95 [Full Audio/Video]You can also listen to the full audio, including the incredibly meaningful “Box Of Rain,” below via Jonathan Aizen:RIP Jerry. We miss you.Setlist: Grateful Dead | Soldier Field | Chicago, IL | 7/9/95Set One: Touch of Grey, Little Red Rooster, Lazy River, Masterpiece*, Childhood’s End, Cumberland Blues, Promised LandSet Two: Shakedown Street, Samson & Delilah, So Many Roads, Samba in the Rain, Corrina -> Drums -> Space -> Unbroken Chain, Sugar MagnoliaEncore: Black Muddy River, Box of Rain* Weir on acoustic*(The Band opened)*[Originally published 7/9/17]last_img read more

Thermadyne Names Wesley Morgan Global Communications Manager

Posted On Oct 20 2020 by

first_imgWith more than 20 years of experience across multiple industries and functional areas, deMoulpied has particular expertise in organizations with complex technical products. Combined, his prior positions have required a spectrum of skills in corporate strategy, operations improvement, product quality, and revenue cycle management. He has an impressive history of utilizing data driven problem solving (Lean Six Sigma) and project management (PMP and CSM) to achieve strategic goals surrounding customer satisfaction, operational efficiency and improved profit.  DeMoulpied has a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Management from the United States Air Force Academy and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Dayton in Marketing and International Business. He served six years with the USAF overseeing the development of technology used on fighter aircraft and the E-3 Surveillance aircraft, finishing his career honorably as Captain. LSI President Brett Tennar says, “Steve’s success in developing operational strategies that improves the bottom line, builds teamwork, reduces waste and ensures quality product development and distribution checks many of the boxes of what we were looking for in a COO. This, coupled with his career in the Air Force working with highly technical systems and his in-depth understanding of Lean Six Sigma and Business Process Management sealed our offer. As our tagline states, our products are Powered by Science. This data driven approach is one reason why our company has grown exponentially as we employ the most advanced technology to product development. I am confident that Steve is the right person to drive operational strategy for our diverse and growing brands.” Advertisement DeMoulpied comes to LSI from the Private Client Services practice of Ernst & Young where he managed strategy & operations improvement engagements for privately held client businesses. Some of his prior roles include VP of strategic development, director of strategic initiatives, and Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt at OptumHealth, UnitedHealth Group’s health services business, as well as Lean Six Sigma Black Belt at General Electric, where he applied operations improvement principles to customer service, supply chain and product development. A successful entrepreneur, deMoulpied is also the founder of PrestoFresh, a Cleveland-based e-commerce food/grocery business.  ST. LOUIS, MO – Thermadyne Industries, a manufacturer of cutting and welding products and accessories, has named Wesley Morgan global communications manager. Morgan will be responsible for Thermadyne’s internal and external communications, the company website and all of the company’s creative direction. AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement Morgan has wide-ranging marketing and communications experience, having worked with full service advertising agencies, as well as with smaller, specialized advertising firms. He most recently held executive communications positions with Clayco and HBE, directing a variety of communications programs for these two St. Louis, MO-based design-build firms. Morgan holds bachelor degrees in creative writing and graphic design and a master’s degree in business administration with a marketing concentration, from the University of Miami (Florida). He and his wife, Lynn, reside in the St. Louis area. For more information about Thermadyne, visit the company’s web site:,Lubrication Specialties Inc. (LSI), manufacturer of Hot Shot’s Secret brand of performance additives and oils, recently announced the expansion of senior leadership. Steve deMoulpied joins LSI as the company’s chief operating officer (COO). AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisementlast_img read more

Shine on She-Laas

Posted On Aug 5 2020 by

first_imgIn perfect harmony … The She-Laas make a scene in By Melissa MeehanDRESSED for success, these pink ladies are doing…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.last_img

Feasting on Christmas

Posted On Aug 5 2020 by

first_imgFar from their home land, Pakenham’s Sudanese residents are preparing to celebrate Christmas in traditional style with a fortnight of…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.last_img

Silver for Ireland’s Women in Europe

Posted On Aug 3 2020 by

first_imgSunday July 3rd, 2016 Ireland’s men missed out on a bronze medal on their return to European action, losing 60-53 to San Marino in Chisinau.Two successes from 26 three-point attempts hurt Ireland’s chances of reeling in a deficit down the stretch.San Marino took over with back-to-back threes and pulled off a spectacular alley-oop to swing momentum firmly in their favour. The Irish challenge ultimately faded as they failed to score in the last 3:45 of the game. Ireland’s Senior Women’s basketball squad finished their first campaign in seven years with a silver medal as they lost out to Malta in the final of the FIBA European Championships For Small Countries in Gibraltar. Malta’s 67-59 win was their third in the last five tournaments, but they had to come from behind against an Irish side who put together a stunning first half of basketball. FIBA Men’s European Championships For Small Countries Bronze Medal Match:Ireland 53-60 San MarinoChisinau, MoldovaIreland: Kyle Hosford*(6), Kevin Lacey*, Jordan Blount* (16), Ciaran O’Sullivan*, Brian Fitzpatrick*(16), Adrian O’Sullivan, Paul Dick (4), Lorcan Murphy (1), Stephen James (3), Keelan Cairns (7), Colin O’Reilly, Conor Gallagher. FIBA Women’s European Championships For Small Countries Final:Ireland 59-67 San MarinoGibraltarIreland: Aine McKenna* (9), Sarah Woods* (7), Claire Rockall* (14), Grainne Dwyer* (11), Aoife McDermott* (2), Michelle Clarke (6), Casey Grace, Amy Waters (4), Danielle O’Leary (6), Sinead Deegan, Aine O’Connor.print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email “We had them at half time,” said Head Coach Mark Scannell. “We were doing all the things that we were really good at and we just came out flat for the second half.”Five three-pointers in the first quarter alone had Ireland up 27-19. The triples came from Aine McKenna, Sarah Woods, Michelle Clarke and a brace from Danielle O’Leary and though Malta were starting to match up well, the lead was pushed out to 39-29 at the break.Malta showed their quality to level the game within six minutes of the restart and take a 51-50 lead into the final quarter.“It was a bit of a struggle trying to get that momentum going again in the final quarter,” said Scannell. “In fairness they never gave up but Malta’s professional players made some big shots when the game was on the line.”“I’m very proud. It’s been some effort this week. We’ll learn a lot from it and Ireland will come back stronger.”last_img read more

Four Connacht Players In Irish Womens Team To Face Italy

Posted On Aug 3 2020 by

first_imgFour Connacht Players have been named in the Irish Women’s Team to face Italy on Saturday evening. Head Coach, Adam Griggs has made just one change to the opening team that overcame Scotland 5 – 22 in their last outing a fortnight ago in Glasgow. Kathryn Dane makes her first start of the tournament coming in at scrum-half. Ailsa Hughes moves to the bench and joins Lindsay Peat and Laura Sheehan who are named in the squad for the first time this tournament. Heading into the mid-tournament test, Griggs said “It was great to come away with five points after the Scotland test. It was a physical game in tough conditions, but the players were focused on putting in a good team performance together and showing the quality rugby they can produce. We were pleased with the opportunities that we created and while the challenge for this group is to become even more clinical under pressure, we definitely feel each week we are improving and taking the right steps to get there. The Italian game should be a cracker, they have played well of late and are unbeaten so far in this championship which isn’t easy to do. We have been preparing diligently and know they have quality footballers that will put you under real pressure, we will need to be aware of these and look to close them down early if we are to get any success this Saturday night.” The match will be broadcast live by RTE, with coverage beginning at 6.30pm Ireland Women’s Team v Italy Women, Women’s Six Nations, Viale Piacenza, Parma, Saturday 23rd February 2019, Kick-off 18.45 GMT/ 19.45 Local Time. 15. Lauren Delany (Firwood Waterloo/ IQ Rugby)14. Eimear Considine (UL Bohemians/ Munster)13. Sene Naoupu (Old Belvedere/ Leinster)12. Michelle Claffey (Blackrock/ Leinster)11. Alison Miller (Old Belvedere/ Connacht) 10. Nicole Fowley (Galwegians/ Connacht)9. Kathryn Dane (Old Belvedere/ Ulster) 1. Laura Feely (Galwegians/ Connacht)2. Emma Hooban (St Mary’s College/ Leinster)3. Leah Lyons (Harlequins)4. Aoife McDermott (Railway Union/ Leinster)5. Nichola Fryday (Galwegians/ Connacht)6. Anna Caplice (Richmond) 7. Claire Molloy (Wasps)8. Ciara Griffin (UL Bohemians/ Munster) Capt Replacements:16. Deirbhile Nic A Bhaird (UL Bohemian/ Munster)17. Lindsay Peat (Railway Union/ Leinster) 18. Fiona Reidy (UL Bohemians/ Munster)19. Claire Boles (Railway Union)20. Claire McLaughlin (Old Belvedere/ Ulster)21. Ailsa Hughes (Railway Union/ Leinster)22. Ellen Murphy (Old Belvedere/ Leinster)23. Laura Sheehan (UL Bohemians/ Munster print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Emaillast_img read more

Chelsea and Spurs among Prem clubs regretting decision to close window early

Posted On Aug 2 2020 by

first_imgSOME Premier League clubs are reportedly regretting their decision to close the transfer window early.The clubs decided to bring forward deadline day to Thursday, August 9 this year – two days before the start of the season.3 Spurs chairman Daniel Levy is among those reportedly regretting the decision to bring transfer deadline day forward three weeksCredit: Getty Images – GettyThat decision had followed calls from fans, pundits and some managers that allowing the window to remain open after the season started created an unfair competition.But, according to the Daily Mail, some clubs believe the decision has backfired – especially in a World Cup year.The tournament means there would have been less time to negotiate anyway.Chopping a further three weeks off has only made matters worse for the Prem clubs.3 Incoming Chelsea manager Maurizio Sarri will only have limited time to make a judgement on Ruben Loftus-Cheek, leftCredit: News Group Newspapers LtdPrices for players remain high and there is now less time to negotiate down to a more reasonable fee.What’s more, the European window will remain open for longer and so foreign clubs can wait until after the August 9 deadline to make moves for unwanted Prem players.Those players will be available at much cheaper prices as clubs will have no option but to sell outside of England.Adding an extra complication to matters is the fact that players who are at the World Cup will not return from international duty for a while – England players will have a two-week break after the tournament, for example.3 Manchester United and Tottenham will have less time to find a price for Danny Rose that suits both partiesCredit: News Group Newspapers LtdMOST READ IN FOOTBALLRETRACING STEPSJack Charlton’s granddaughter Emma Wilkinson ‘would love’ to visit IrelandROY RAGEFurious Roy Keane launched foul-mouthed rant at Pique over Fabregas friendshipPicturedTOP FORMBrazil icon Ronaldo soaks up sun with partner Celina Locks on yacht in FormenteraPicturedON THE PAOLPaolo Maldini shows off shredded physique at 52 while on holiday with wifeLive BlogUNITED LATESTMan Utd transfer news LIVE: All the gossip and updates from Old TraffordExclusiveLOCK CLOWNPaul Scholes flouts local lockdown rules by throwing huge 7-hour birthday bashPicturedMADD FOR ITPrem aces Dele, Maddison & Grealish enjoy hard-earned break in sun-soaked IbizaLive BlogBLUES NEWSChelsea transfer news LIVE: Havertz deal LATEST, Willian move updatesDanny Rose and Ruben Loftus-Cheek are two such examples.The early deadline means Manchester United and Tottenham may not have enough time to negotiate a fee for Rose that suits both parties.Incoming Chelsea manager Maurizio Sarri will also have to decide what he wants to do with Loftus-Cheek, but will only have a limited amount of time to reach a conclusion.last_img read more

Traditional Kyrgyz walnut-apple forests provide map for sustainable future

Posted On Feb 10 2020 by

first_imgArticle published by Erik Hoffner Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Agriculture, Agroforestry, Archive, Biodiversity, Conservation Solutions, Featured, food security, Forests, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Poverty Alleviation, Sustainable Development center_img In the Kyrgyz mountain town of Kyzyl-Unkur, farmers grow mixed forests of walnut, apple, apricot, pear, almond and cherry trees in a traditional system of agroforestry that stretches back centuries.Beneath the fruit and nut trees, honey from beehives and mushrooms are collected, and hay is mown for livestock, providing multiple products for sale and consumption during the seasons.Kyrgyzstan currently has numerous environmental challenges such as land, forest and pasture degradation, which agroforestry could alleviate.Agroforestry also sequesters atmospheric carbon in trees and soil, and provides habitat for wild creatures. KYZL-UNKUR, Jalalabad region, Kyrgyzstan — The mountain road leading to Kyzyl-Unkur winds through a gorge. Three hours later, on a broken road, one finds the village surrounded on all sides by unique relict walnut forests. Here, the local Kyrgyz population lives from generation to generation.Everyone knows each other and who does what. Because of its remoteness from large settlements, a traditional way of life has been preserved here. All the inhabitants are farmers, engaged in raising livestock and growing crops. The total forest area of ​​Kyzyl-Unkur is 520 square kilometers (200 square miles), of which 225 square kilometers (87 square miles) are forested and the rest pasture. The walnut forests alone cover 37 square kilometers (14 square miles).But a recent sharp increase in livestock numbers has taken a heavy toll on the pastures, causing land degradation and a decrease in the productivity of the vegetative cover. Because of this, the cattle have begun to enter the forests and impact the ecosystem.Agroforestry delivers multiple products for sale. Samidinov Kazybek’s dryer makes mushrooms, fruits and herbs ready for sale. Image by Cholpon Uzakbaeva for MongabayThe villagers have begun to change their stance on this practice, though, trying not to move the cattle into the forest and looking at the forests from a different angle: not as a free source of fuel and grazing pasture, but rather from the angle of agroforestry.Historical arc of agroforestryAt the heart of agroforestry is the growing of different crops in a particular spot all together: fruit trees, shrubs and vegetables that yield produce at different times in summer and autumn. The Kyzyl-Unkur farmers together with the regional forestry department benefit from forests through agroforestry. The practice also benefits the ecosystem. They all pursue one goal: to preserve natural areas of forest and increase the area of ​​forests through agroforestry.“Kyrgyzstan since ancient times is well known with its nomadic culture and livelihoods primarily based on livestock production,” said Klara Dzhakypbekova, coordinator of the SUSWALFOOD Research Project, a program of the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences in Germany focused on the development of nutritious food from wild plant species from Kyrgyz walnut forest ecosystems. “The first ideas of using agroforestry came with the Persian garden culture across the Silk Road, and more profoundly developed later with Russian gardeners coming to the areas to develop fruit tree gardening techniques.”Sartbaev Abdykerim, a forestry technician at the local forestry department, described what agroforestry represented when Kyrgyzstan was later part of the Soviet Union: “Under the Soviet Union, a planned system of work was in place. All lands belonged to the state forest fund, the main purpose of which was the conservation of biodiversity and protection of forest ecosystems,” he said.Collecting fruits of the agroforest. Image by Cholpon Uzakbaeva for Mongabay“Work began on the development of new varieties of apple trees from wild [stock], creating large gardens. The local population was attracted to harvest walnuts, apples, medicinal herbs like St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum), nettle (Urtica urens), mint (Mentha piperita), yarrow (Achillea millefolium), immortelle (Helichrysum arenarium), chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), and oregano (Origanum vulgare),” Abdykerim said. For this, he added, they received money or coupons for the purchase of goods in the grocery store.“It was tight control from the state. The forestry department [owned] farm horses, apiaries, nurseries. Foresters planted wild apple trees in the forests, and in open areas created industrial plantations, planted potatoes, [and] clover was planted among the forest and haymaking was carried out in the forests,” Abdykerim said. “After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the amount of funding from the state budget fell sharply. Forestry [department] was forced to lease forests to the public due to a lack of budget for harvesting walnuts.”Erkin Bakirov displays his bees. Image by Cholpon Uzakbaeva for MongabayAfter reform of the state system of forest management, the forestry department, or leshoz, began to introduce community management of forests. But only 10 percent of farmers agreed to do it this way. Those who did were provided with a plot of fruit-bearing forest in exchange for services like growing seedlings and collecting seeds.But since 2007, Abdykerim said, the method of community management has been simplified: “Now the plots are leased, one hectare for 1,000 soms,” or about $15. A single hectare (2.5 acres) can yield up to 500 kilograms (1,100 pounds) of walnuts, which can bring a profit of up to $1,000.Such plots can be rented for five to 50 years on a competitive basis. Each farmer proposes a program for the protection of the site, the planting of forests, and the use of resources. A selection committee with representatives from the local government, civil society and leshoz then picks the most original programs with good ideas.The foresters make a list of all the crops on rented plots and note exact amounts. The sites fall under the control of forest rangers, who regularly visit them. If the terms of the contract are violated, the leshoz has the right to terminate the contract. For its part, the leshoz plants 30 hectares (74 acres) of industrial-sized plantations in open areas, annually growing 25,000 seedlings of various kinds.Seasonal harvestsThe farmers derive their income from the harvesting of walnuts (Juglans regia), morel mushrooms (Morchella esculenta), apples (Malus sp.), honey and hay. In early spring, they start picking morel mushrooms, which grow mainly under walnut trees. In the summer, they can reap one or two harvests of honey. In September, farmers collect one harvest of walnuts and apples as they mature, while hay for livestock is mown twice. Crops are sold as needed in the local market or to resellers. Walnuts and mushrooms typically go to China and Turkey, and honey to the domestic market.Walnuts and apples grown in an agroforestry system. Image by Cholpon Uzakbaeva for MongabayBakirov Erkinbek, a farmer, rented a forest plot in 2016, a high-altitude site of 5 hectares (12 acres) where he collects nuts. He takes care of the plot by cleaning the springs and collecting the eggs of gypsy moths (Lymantria dispar), an insect that feeds on the leaves of apple and walnut trees. Among the bushes he plants walnut seedlings; here there is a greater probability that animals will not trample the seedlings, and so they can grow to maturity.Erkinbek tends a second plot, lower down the mountains, near the edge of the forest. Here he practices agroforestry through another approach, planting walnut, apple, apricot, pear, almond, cherry and dog rose (Rosa canina) seedlings. Next to the cultured breeds he planted wild seedlings. If one of the seedlings dies, another will continue to grow. In two years, 90 percent of the seedlings took root. Between the rows there’s the natural hay of wild grasses, as well as planted clover and potatoes.“Mixing different cultures pays,” Erkinbek said. “We have a sharp continental climate here, so the weather is unpredictable every year. And this directly affects the yield. In good years I get an excellent harvest of nuts, apples, mushrooms. It is profitable for me to deal with agroforestry. And I hope gradually I will be able to give up livestock and get the main income from agroforestry.”It’s very possible, according to agroforestry expert Dzhakypbekova. She said research had shown positive effects from agroforestry on household incomes, as well as on the ecological conditions of the land.Forage for livestock like this hay grown between or under trees is another benefit of the system. Image by Cholpon Uzakbaeva for Mongabay“Kyrgyzstan is currently encountering a number of environmental challenges such as land, forest and pasture degradation,” she said. “Agroforestry might be a sustainable option to find a resolution for such issues and to improve the well-being of the rural households.“It is possible to develop agroforestry practices which are relevant to the given conditions and would be accepted by the local farmers,” Dzhakypbekova added. “For instance, degraded pasture plots might be planted with fruit trees and forage intercropped to meet the increasing demand for forage.”In such ways, agroforestry could be a significant part of the country’s agricultural future, as it has been in the past.This article is part of an ongoing series on agroforestry worldwide, see all the features here.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post.last_img read more